GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq

Greases are semi-solid lubricants composed of base oil (typically mineral or synthetic) thickened with a soap, such as lithium, calcium, or aluminum complex, to form a stable, solid-like consistency. These lubricants are crucial for reducing friction and wear between moving parts in machinery where liquid oils might not be practical.

The manufacturing process involves blending the base oil with additives like antioxidants, corrosion inhibitors, and viscosity modifiers to enhance performance characteristics such as temperature stability and load-carrying capacity. The thickening agent is then added to achieve the desired consistency.

Once mixed, the grease undergoes homogenization to ensure uniform distribution of components. Quality control measures such as testing for consistency, drop point (the temperature at which the grease changes from a semi-solid to a liquid state), and performance under various conditions are critical before packaging and distribution to end-users across various industrial sectors.

GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq
GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq

In Iraq, the manufacturing of greases often aligns with regional industrial needs and conditions. Specialties in grease manufacturing in Iraq may include formulations tailored for high-temperature environments prevalent in the region, such as those encountered in oil and gas extraction or industrial operations.

Local manufacturers may focus on greases that offer excellent water resistance to combat the arid climate and dusty conditions. Additionally, greases designed to withstand heavy loads and provide long-term lubrication in harsh conditions are likely emphasized.

Iraqi manufacturers might also prioritize environmentally friendly formulations that meet international standards while addressing local regulatory requirements. These specialties reflect both the regional climate and the specific industrial demands prevalent in Iraq’s economy.


The manufacturing of greases involves several critical features to ensure they meet the necessary performance criteria for various applications. Key features in the manufacturing process include: 1. Selection of Base Oils and Thickeners Base Oils: Greases typically use mineral or synthetic oils as the primary lubricating component. The choice of base oil affects the grease's thermal stability, viscosity, and overall performance. Thickeners: Common thickeners include lithium, calcium, aluminum complex, and polyurea. The thickener determines the grease's consistency and its ability to remain stable under mechanical stress and temperature vari manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq 2. Additive Integration Additives: Various additives are integrated into the grease formulation to enhance properties such as oxidation resistance, corrosion inhibition, and wear protection. Common additives include antioxidants, anti-wear agents, and extreme pressure (EP) additives. 3. Homogenization and Mixing Mixing Process: The base oil, thickener, and additives are mixed under controlled conditions to ensure a uniform distribution of all components. This process often involves heating and mechanical stirring to achieve the desired consistency and stability. Homogenization: Further homogenization ensures the grease is smooth and free from lumps, providing consistent performance across different applications. 4. Quality Control and Testing Consistency Testing: The grease's consistency is measured using tools like the penetrometer, ensuring it meets specific standards (e.g., NLGI grades). Drop Point Testing: This test determines the temperature at which the grease changes from a semi-solid to a liquid state, indicating its thermal stability.GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq Performance Testing: Greases undergo various performance tests, including tests for water resistance, mechanical stability, load-carrying capacity, and oxidation stability, to ensure they meet the required specifications for their intended use. 5. Packaging and Distribution Packaging: Once the grease meets all quality control standards, it is packaged in appropriate containers, ranging from small tubes to large drums, depending on the end-user requirements. Distribution: The final product is then distributed to various industries, including automotive, industrial machinery, and heavy equipment, ensuring it reaches users in optimal condition.GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq These features are crucial in the manufacturing process to produce high-quality greases that can perform reliably under diverse operating conditions. Greases possess several special properties and features that make them essential for various industrial and mechanical applications. These specialties include: 1. Lubrication and Friction Reduction Greases provide excellent lubrication, significantly reducing friction between moving parts. This helps in prolonging the life of machinery and components by minimizing wear and tear. 2. High-Temperature Stability Certain greases are specially formulated to maintain their consistency and lubricating properties at high temperatures. These high-temperature greases are essential in applications such as automotive engines, industrial ovens, and machinery operating under extreme heat conditions. GREASE Supplier in Iraq 3. Water Resistance Greases are often designed to resist water washout, making them ideal for applications in wet or humid environments. Marine equipment, water pumps, and outdoor machinery benefit from greases that can maintain their lubricating properties even when exposed to water. 4. Corrosion and Oxidation Protection Greases contain additives that provide protection against corrosion and oxidation. This is crucial for preventing rust and degradation of metal surfaces, especially in harsh or corrosive environments. GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq 5. Load-Carrying Capacity Certain greases are formulated with extreme pressure (EP) additives that enable them to withstand heavy loads and high-pressure conditions without breaking down. This makes them suitable for use in heavy machinery, construction equipment, and high-stress industrial applications. GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq GREASE Manufacturer in Iraq 6. Sealing Properties Greases can also act as a sealant, helping to prevent the ingress of contaminants such as dirt, dust, and moisture. This sealing capability is particularly useful in protecting bearings and other critical components. 7. Adhesion and Cohesion Greases have a tacky nature that allows them to adhere well to surfaces and stay in place, even under conditions of vibration and centrifugal forces. This makes them ideal for lubricating parts that move rapidly or are subject to shaking and jostling. 8. Versatility in Applications Greases are versatile and can be used in a wide range of applications, from automotive and industrial machinery to household appliances and agricultural equipment. Their ability to function effectively in diverse conditions makes them a valuable lubricant across various sectors. 9. Extended Lubrication Intervals Due to their semi-solid nature, greases can provide long-lasting lubrication, reducing the frequency of re-application. This results in lower maintenance costs and downtime for machinery and equipment. 10. Compatibility with Different Materials Modern greases are formulated to be compatible with a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, and elastomers. This ensures that they do not cause degradation or damage to the components they are intended to lubricate. These specialties make greases an indispensable part of maintenance and operational protocols in numerous industries, ensuring smooth, efficient, and reliable performance of machinery and equipment. Greases are evaluated based on several key qualities that determine their suitability for specific applications. These qualities include: 1. Consistency NLGI Grade: Greases are classified by the National Lubricating Grease Institute (NLGI) into grades ranging from 000 (semi-fluid) to 6 (block). The consistency of grease affects its pumpability and suitability for different applications. Penetration: This measures how far a standardized cone penetrates the grease, indicating its firmness. The test results help determine the appropriate NLGI grade. 2. Viscosity Base Oil Viscosity: The viscosity of the base oil used in the grease affects its flow characteristics and lubrication performance. High-viscosity oils provide better film strength under heavy loads, while low-viscosity oils are suitable for high-speed applications. Temperature Stability: The ability of grease to maintain its viscosity across a wide temperature range is crucial for performance in varying environmental conditions. 3. Thermal Stability Drop Point: The temperature at which grease transitions from a semi-solid to a liquid state. A high drop point indicates good thermal stability and suitability for high-temperature applications. Oxidation Resistance: Greases should resist oxidation to prevent thickening and formation of acidic by-products, which can lead to corrosion and reduced lubrication effectiveness. 4. Water Resistance Water Washout: The ability of grease to resist being washed away by water, which is critical for applications exposed to moisture, such as in marine or outdoor environments. Water Absorption: Greases should have low water absorption to prevent emulsification and maintain lubricating properties. 5. Mechanical Stability Shear Stability: The ability of grease to maintain its consistency under mechanical stress and shear forces. Greases with good shear stability do not break down easily during operation. Worked Stability: The consistency change after the grease has been mechanically worked, which indicates its durability in real-world applications. 6. Load-Carrying Capacity Extreme Pressure (EP) Performance: Greases with EP additives can withstand high loads and prevent metal-to-metal contact, reducing wear in heavily loaded applications such as gears and bearings. Four-Ball Wear Test: Measures wear protection by evaluating the wear scar on steel balls lubricated with the grease under controlled conditions. 7. Corrosion and Rust Protection Corrosion Inhibitors: Additives that protect metal surfaces from rust and corrosion, especially important in harsh or humid environments. Salt Spray Test: Evaluates the grease's ability to protect against corrosion when exposed to a saline environment. 8. Adhesion and Tackiness Stickiness: Greases should adhere well to surfaces and remain in place, even under vibration and centrifugal forces. This ensures continuous lubrication and protection. Cohesion: The internal bonding strength of the grease, which prevents it from breaking apart under stress. 9. Compatibility Material Compatibility: Greases should not react negatively with metals, plastics, or elastomers used in the machinery. Compatibility ensures that the grease does not cause swelling, degradation, or other damage. Grease Compatibility: The ability to mix with other greases without adverse chemical reactions or performance degradation, which is important during maintenance and re-lubrication. 10. Environmental and Health Safety Biodegradability: Environmentally friendly greases that break down naturally without causing harm to ecosystems. Non-toxicity: Greases should be safe for handling and not pose health risks to workers during application and maintenance. These qualities ensure that greases perform effectively in their intended applications, providing reliable lubrication, protection, and longevity for machinery and components. Greases are subject to various standards and specifications to ensure their performance, quality, and safety. These standards are established by international organizations, industry associations, and regulatory bodies. Some of the key grease standards include: 1. ASTM Standards (American Society for Testing and Materials) ASTM D217: Standard Test Methods for Cone Penetration of Lubricating Grease. This standard determines the consistency of grease by measuring the depth to which a cone penetrates the grease sample. ASTM D2265: Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease Over Wide Temperature Range. This test determines the temperature at which grease transitions from a semi-solid to a liquid state. ASTM D1743: Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosion Preventive Properties of Lubricating Greases. This test evaluates the ability of grease to protect metal surfaces from corrosion. ASTM D2596: Standard Test Method for Measurement of Extreme-Pressure Properties of Lubricating Grease (Four-Ball Method). This test measures the load-carrying capacity and wear protection provided by grease. 2. NLGI Standards (National Lubricating Grease Institute) NLGI Consistency Grades: The NLGI classifies greases into grades based on their penetration value, ranging from 000 (semi-fluid) to 6 (block-like). This classification helps users select the appropriate grease for specific applications. 3. DIN Standards (Deutsches Institut für Normung) DIN 51825: This standard specifies requirements for greases used in roller and plain bearings. It includes guidelines for consistency, corrosion protection, and lubrication performance. DIN 51826: This standard outlines specifications for greases used in gear applications, focusing on load-carrying capacity and wear protection. 4. ISO Standards (International Organization for Standardization) ISO 12924: Lubricating Greases — Specification. This standard defines requirements for industrial greases, including consistency, dropping point, corrosion protection, and mechanical stability. ISO 6743-9: Lubricants, industrial oils, and related products (class L) — Classification — Part 9: Family X (Greases). This standard provides a classification system for greases based on their properties and performance characteristics. 5. MIL-SPEC (Military Specifications) MIL-G-10924: Grease, Automotive and Artillery. This military specification defines the requirements for greases used in military vehicles and artillery, including performance under extreme conditions. MIL-PRF-81322: Grease, Aircraft and Instrument, Fuel and Oxidizer Resistant. This specification sets the standards for greases used in aircraft and instruments, focusing on resistance to fuels and oxidizers. 6. BS Standards (British Standards) BS 2000-91: Determination of Dropping Point of Lubricating Grease. This standard outlines the method for determining the dropping point of grease. BS EN 12081: Railway Applications — Axleboxes — Lubricating Grease. This standard specifies requirements for greases used in railway axleboxes, including performance under heavy loads and high speeds. 7. IP Standards (Institute of Petroleum) IP 396: Determination of the Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease. This standard tests the tendency of grease to release oil under static conditions. IP 220: Determination of Water Washout Characteristics of Lubricating Greases. This test measures the resistance of grease to being washed out by water. 8. JIS Standards (Japanese Industrial Standards) JIS K 2220: This standard specifies the requirements for various types of lubricating greases, including their properties and performance characteristics. JIS K 2221: Test methods for lubricating greases, including consistency, dropping point, and corrosion protection. 9. AGMA Standards (American Gear Manufacturers Association) AGMA 9001: Industrial Gear Lubrication. This standard includes guidelines for selecting lubricants, including greases, for gear systems based on their performance requirements. These standards ensure that greases meet specific performance and quality criteria, providing reliable lubrication and protection in various industrial, automotive, and specialized applications. Compliance with these standards helps manufacturers and users ensure the safety, efficiency, and longevity of machinery and equipment. Greases come in various types, each formulated to meet specific application requirements and performance characteristics. The primary types of greases include: 1. Lithium Grease General Purpose: Commonly used in automotive, industrial, and household applications due to its good water resistance, mechanical stability, and wide temperature range. Lithium Complex Grease: An advanced version with higher temperature stability and better load-carrying capacity, suitable for heavy-duty and high-temperature applications. 2. Calcium Grease Water Resistance: Known for excellent water resistance and good mechanical stability, making it ideal for marine applications and environments with high moisture levels. Calcium Complex Grease: Offers improved performance over standard calcium greases, with better temperature resistance and mechanical stability. 3. Aluminum Complex Grease High-Temperature Stability: Provides excellent thermal stability, good water resistance, and mechanical stability, suitable for high-temperature and heavy-load applications. 4. Polyurea Grease Long Life and High Temperature: Known for its excellent oxidation stability and long service life, commonly used in electric motors and high-temperature applications. Shear Stability: Maintains consistency under high shear conditions, making it ideal for high-speed bearings. 5. Barium Grease Oxidation and Corrosion Resistance: Offers good corrosion protection and oxidation resistance, suitable for industrial and automotive applications. 6. Sodium Grease High-Temperature Applications: Known for its good lubrication properties at high temperatures but limited water resistance, suitable for applications where water exposure is minimal. 7. Molybdenum Disulfide (Moly) Grease Extreme Pressure and Anti-Wear: Contains solid lubricants like molybdenum disulfide, providing excellent load-carrying capacity and wear protection, ideal for heavy-duty and high-load applications such as construction equipment and off-road vehicles. 8. Silicone Grease High-Temperature and Chemical Resistance: Offers excellent thermal stability and resistance to chemicals, making it suitable for high-temperature applications and environments where chemical exposure is a concern. Electrical Insulation: Often used in electrical and electronic applications due to its insulating properties. 9. Food-Grade Grease NSF H1 Certification: Designed for incidental food contact, meeting stringent safety standards. Used in the food and beverage industry, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and other clean environments. Non-Toxic Formulation: Ensures safety and compliance with health regulations. 10. Marine Grease Saltwater Resistance: Formulated to withstand the harsh conditions of marine environments, providing excellent water resistance, corrosion protection, and mechanical stability. 11. High-Temperature Grease Thermal Stability: Designed to perform at elevated temperatures without breaking down, suitable for applications like ovens, furnaces, and other high-heat environments. Synthetic Base Oils: Often formulated with synthetic base oils for enhanced performance at extreme temperatures. 12. Low-Temperature Grease Cold Weather Performance: Maintains lubricating properties at low temperatures, preventing hardening or stiffening, ideal for applications in cold climates and refrigeration equipment. 13. EP (Extreme Pressure) Grease Heavy Load Applications: Contains extreme pressure additives to protect against wear under high load and shock conditions, used in gears, bearings, and heavy machinery. 14. Multipurpose Grease Versatility: Suitable for a wide range of applications, combining good water resistance, mechanical stability, and temperature performance, commonly used in automotive and industrial settings. Each type of grease is formulated to provide specific benefits, ensuring optimal performance and protection for different applications and operating conditions. Greases are used across various industries and applications to ensure proper lubrication, reduce friction, and protect against wear, corrosion, and contamination. Here are some common uses of greases: 1. Automotive Applications Chassis and Suspension: Greases lubricate joints, bushings, and bearings in the suspension and steering systems, reducing wear and ensuring smooth operation. Wheel Bearings: High-temperature wheel bearing greases provide long-lasting lubrication and protection under the high loads and temperatures encountered in vehicle wheel hubs. U-Joints and CV Joints: Greases protect these components from wear and contamination, ensuring smooth power transmission and long service life. Door Hinges and Locks: Lubricates and protects against rust and wear, ensuring smooth and quiet operation. 2. Industrial Applications Bearings: Greases are used in various types of bearings (ball, roller, and plain) to reduce friction, wear, and overheating, enhancing the reliability and lifespan of machinery. Gearboxes: EP greases are used in gearboxes to protect against heavy loads and shock, reducing wear and preventing gear failure. Conveyor Systems: Greases ensure smooth operation, reducing friction and wear on conveyor belts, rollers, and other moving parts. Grease wholesaler in Iraq Electric Motors: Polyurea and other specialized greases are used to lubricate motor bearings, providing long service life and resistance to high temperatures. 3. Construction and Heavy Equipment Excavators and Loaders: Greases protect pivot points, bearings, and bushings from wear and contamination, ensuring smooth and reliable operation under heavy loads and harsh conditions. Crane Bearings and Joints: Greases provide lubrication and protection for crane bearings, joints, and cables, enhancing performance and safety. Off-Road Vehicles: Greases are used in various components, including wheel bearings, suspension systems, and drivetrain components, to reduce wear and extend service life. 4. Marine Applications Boat Trailers: Marine greases provide water resistance and corrosion protection for wheel bearings and other components exposed to saltwater. Deck Equipment: Greases lubricate and protect winches, pulleys, and other deck equipment from wear and corrosion. Propeller Shafts and Bearings: Marine greases ensure smooth operation and protection against water ingress and corrosion. 5. Food and Beverage Industry Food-Processing Equipment: NSF H1 food-grade greases are used in machinery and equipment where incidental food contact may occur, ensuring safety and compliance with health regulations. Packaging Machinery: Greases lubricate bearings, gears, and other moving parts in packaging equipment, ensuring reliable operation and preventing contamination. 6. Agricultural Equipment Tractors and Harvesters: Greases protect moving parts, such as bearings, joints, and gears, from wear and contamination, ensuring reliable performance in harsh field conditions. Irrigation Systems: Greases lubricate pivot points and bearings in irrigation systems, ensuring smooth operation and preventing corrosion. 7. Household and DIY Applications Door Hinges and Locks: Greases provide smooth operation and protect against rust and wear. Garage Doors: Greases lubricate rollers, tracks, and hinges, reducing noise and ensuring smooth operation. Bicycles: Greases are used in bearings, gears, and other moving parts to reduce friction and wear, ensuring smooth and reliable performance. 8. Railway Applications Axle Bearings: Greases lubricate and protect axle bearings, reducing friction and wear under heavy loads and high speeds. Track Joints and Switches: Greases ensure smooth operation and reduce wear on track joints, switches, and other critical components. 9. Mining and Quarrying Heavy Equipment: Greases protect bearings, bushings, and other components in mining equipment from wear and contamination, ensuring reliable performance in harsh conditions. GREASE manufacturer in Iraq ,GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq GREASE manufacturer in Iraq Conveyor Systems: Greases lubricate rollers and bearings in conveyor systems, reducing friction and wear and enhancing reliability. 10. Aviation and Aerospace Aircraft Bearings and Joints: Specialized greases provide lubrication and protection for aircraft bearings, joints, and other components, ensuring reliable performance under extreme conditions. Space Applications: Greases are used in spacecraft and satellite components to provide lubrication and protection in the vacuum of space.GREASE manufacturer in IraqGREASE manufacturer in IraqGREASE manufacturer in Iraq Greases play a crucial role in ensuring the smooth operation, reliability, and longevity of machinery and equipment across a wide range of industries and applications.